Chinese Pharmacopoeia: galangal
拼音Gāo Liánɡ Jiānɡ
Pinyin G ā o Lián ɡ Ji ā n ɡ
英文名RHIZOMA ALPINIAE OFFICINARUM
English Name: Rhizoma alpiniae officinarum
Alias wind ginger, little ginger
来源本品为姜科植物高良姜 Alpinia officinarum Hance的干燥根茎。夏末秋初采挖，除去须根及残留的鳞片，洗净，切段，晒干。
Source: This product is the dry rhizome of Alpinia officinarum Hance, a ginger plant. Dig in late summer and early autumn, remove fibrous roots and residual scales, wash, cut and dry.
Characters: This product is cylindrical, curved and branched, with a length of 5 ~ 9cm and a diameter of 1 ~ 1.5cm. The surface is brownish red to dark brown, with fine longitudinal wrinkles and gray brown wavy links. The internodes are 0.2 ~ 1cm long, and there are circular root marks on one side. It is tough and not easy to break. The section is grayish brown or reddish brown, fibrous, and the middle column accounts for about 1 / 3. It is fragrant and spicy.
Identify the cross section of this product: the outer wall of epidermal cells is thickened, and some contain reddish brown amorphous substances. There are many vascular bundles in the middle lobe of cortex, which are tough outside. The endothelium is obvious. There are many tough vascular bundles outside the middle column, and the bundle sheath fibers are looped and lignified. Most secretory cells were scattered in the parenchyma of cortex and stele, containing yellow or reddish brown resin; Parenchyma cells were filled with starch granules.
Process, remove impurities, wash, moisten, slice and dry.
It tastes pungent and hot.
Return to the spleen and stomach.
The main function is to warm the stomach, dissipate cold, dissipate food and relieve pain. For epigastric cold pain, stomach cold vomiting, belching and acid swallowing.
Usage and dosage: 3 ~ 6G.
Store in a cool and dry place.
Excerpt from Chinese Pharmacopoeia
Dictionary of traditional Chinese medicine: Alpinia officinalis
拼音Gāo Liánɡ Jiānɡ
Pinyin G ā o Lián ɡ Ji ā n ɡ
It is also known as cream cold ginger (collection notes of Materia Medica Sutra), ginger (Bureau formula), ManJiang, bergamot root (foot crag rock materia medica), little ginger (records of traditional Chinese Medicine), sea ginger (Medicinal Science).
The source is the rhizome of Alpinia officinalis. In late summer and early autumn, dig the rhizomes that have grown for 4 ~ 6 years, remove the stems, leaves, fibrous roots and scales, wash them, cut them into small sections and dry them in the sun.
Perennial herb in original form, 30 ~ 80 cm high. The rhizome is cylindrical, transverse, brownish red or purplish red, with nodes, with annular membranous scales at the nodes, and rooting on the nodes. Stems tufted, erect. Leaves 2 rows; Sessile; Leaf blade narrowly linear lanceolate, 15-30 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide, apex pointed, base gradually narrow, entire or with inconspicuous sparse obtuse teeth, both sides glabrous; Leaf sheaths open, amplexicaul, margin membranous, ligule up to 3 cm long, straight, membranous, acuminate, brown. Conic raceme, terminal, 5 ~ 15 cm long, dense flowers; Bracteoles persistent, membranous, brown, annular to oblong, sparsely hairy outside; Flowers bisexual, shortly stipitate; Calyx tubular, 7-14 mm long, 3-lobed, brownish yellow, covered with short hairs outside; Corolla tube funnel-shaped, about 1 cm long, 3 lobes, about 1.7 cm long, light flesh red, sparsely pubescent outside; The lip is oval to rectangular, broadly oval, light fleshy red, with purplish red stripes in the middle, 2 ~ 2.5 cm long; Lateral staminodes conical, stamens 1, filaments thick, connectives expanded, apex broad, 2-lobed, forked; Ovary inferior, 3-loculed, style slender, with 2 connate cylindrical nectaries below the base, about 3 mm long, stigma 2 lip shaped. The capsule is not dehiscent, spherical, about 1.2 meters in diameter, short hairy, orange red when ripe. Seeds with aril, obtuse angular, brown. The flowering period is from April to October.
Habitat segments grow in roadside, hillside grassland or bushes. It is distributed in Hainan, Leizhou Peninsula, Guangxi, Yunnan, Taiwan and other places in Guangdong. It is also cultivated in Guangdong and Yunnan. Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan and other places.
Characters dry rhizome, cylindrical, curved, multi divergent, 4 ~ 6cm long, 1 ~ 1.5cm in diameter, dark reddish brown on the surface, with longitudinal wrinkles and grayish brown wavy links, each section is 0.5 ~ 1cm long, and there are circular fine root scars on the lower side. It is hard and not easy to break. The section is red yellow or brownish red and rough. It is fragrant and spicy. It is better to be strong, solid, reddish brown and spicy.
Chemical composition the rhizome contains 0.5 ~ 1.5% volatile oil, of which the main components are 1,8-cineole and methyl cinnamate, as well as clove oleanol, pinene, picturene, etc. The rhizome still contains flavonoids, galangin, kaempferol, kaempferol, quercetin, isorhamnetin and a pungent ingredient, called galangin.
Pharmacological action galangal Decoction (100%) against Bacillus anthracis α- or β- Hemolytic streptococcus, diphtheria and diphtheria like bacilli, pneumococcus, Staphylococcus (golden yellow, lemon color, white), Bacillus subtilis, etc. all have different degrees of antibacterial effect (agar plate trenching method). It has a slight inhibitory effect on human Mycobacterium tuberculosis in test tube, but its effect is not as effective as Coptis chinensis et al.
Process, sort out impurities, wash with water, soak slightly, take out, moisten thoroughly, slice and dry.
“Compendium”: “galangal, cardamom, and should be fried into medicine, but also with ginger, Evodia rutaecarpa and Dongbi soil.”
It tastes pungent and warm.
① “Bielu”: “Da Wen.”
② “Herbal extracts”: “spicy, warm.”
Return to the spleen and stomach.
① “Lei Gong’s processed medicine solution”: “into the spleen and stomach.”
⑦ “New edition of Materia Medica”: “entering the heart and the four meridians of Tanzhong, spleen and stomach.”
Main functions: warming stomach, dispelling wind, dispersing cold, promoting qi and relieving pain. Treat cold in the spleen and stomach, cold pain in the epigastric cavity, vomiting and diarrhea, choking and breast nausea, food stagnation, malaria and cold addiction.
① “Bielu”: “the main cold, cold inversion in the stomach, cholera and abdominal pain.”
② “Theory of medicinal properties”: “it can cure chronic cold in the waist, stomach qi inversion and vomiting. It can cure wind, break Qi, abdominal cold and stomachache; it can remove wind cold and Bi weakness, cure Qi cold and thrust against the heart, abdominal pain and vomiting and diarrhea.”
③ The collection of materia medica: “lower the Qi and benefit the sound. Boil it for drinking and taking it to stop dysentery and cholera.”
④ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “it can cure diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and eliminate overnight food.”
⑤ According to the book of Materia Medica, if you treat the evil in your heart and spit water in your mouth, take the root like a dice block, and swallow the saliva. If you walk around, you will feel painful; if the smell (in your mouth) also contains swallowing, it is better to use cardamom as the end and often drink fried soup
⑥ “Pearl sac”: “warming the spleen and stomach.”
⑦ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “treat stomach qi pain and abdominal pain.”
⑧ Compendium: “strengthen the spleen and stomach, broaden the choking diaphragm, break cold ringworm, and eliminate malaria.”
⑨ Yao Kecheng’s “food Materia Medica”: “remove the white eye film, replenish lung qi, benefit the spleen and stomach, and manage vitality.”
⑩ “Seeking the source of Materia Medica”: “treat beriberi, vomiting, red eyes, headache, wind cold and arthralgia.”
(11) Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine: “treat cold hernia and dampness arthralgia.”
Usage and dosage: decoction, 0.5 ~ 1.5 yuan; Or into the pill, powder.
Note that those with Yin deficiency and heat should not take it.
“Herbal classics”: “nausea caused by stomach fire, cholera caused by summer heat, diarrhea caused by fire heat, pain caused by heart deficiency, which should be avoided by the law.”
Compound ① treat angina pectoris of apoplexy, such as thorn, full branches on both flanks, and unbearable boredom: five liang of Alpinia officinalis, two liang of Magnolia officinalis, three liang of Angelica sinensis and three liang of Guixin. Take eight liters of water and boil one liter of the four flavors. Divide them into three servings and serve them two days a day. If the pain stops after taking one, it stops, and there is no need to take it again. If the strong man takes two, the bad man takes three. (Qian Jin Fang Gao Liang Jiang Tang)
② Nourish the spleen and warm the stomach, remove cold and eliminate phlegm, cure heart and spleen pain, broaden the chest and lower Qi, enter the beautiful diet, and treat all cold injuries: ginger (to reed), dried ginger (gun). It is fine and the batter is large, and Wutong is big. Take 15 to 20 pills every time, and put them in orange peel soup after eating. Pregnant women should not take it. (Bureau prescription Erjiang pill)
③ Cure heart and spleen pain: divide galangal and betel nut, stir fry each. The top is fine powder, and the meter is adjusted down. (Baiyi recipe selection)
④ A little pain in the heart and mouth can be caused by stagnation or insects in the epigastric cavity. Most of them arise from anger and cold, resulting in lifelong non convulsion: Alpinia officinalis (washed seven times with wine, baked and grinded), aconite (washed seven times with vinegar, baked and grinded). The second flavor needs to be baked, studied and stored separately. If the cause of disease is cold, use two coins of Alpinia officinalis and one coin of Rhizoma Cyperi; For those who get angry from the cause of disease, use one yuan of galangal and two yuan of Rhizoma Cyperi. For those who have both cold and anger, use one and a half yuan of galangal and one and a half yuan of Rhizoma Cyperi. Drink rice soup with a spoonful of mature juice and a pinch of salt as pills. (Liangfu pill in LiangFang Jixiu)
⑤ Treatment of cholera, vomiting, dysentery and abdominal pain: Alpinia officinalis, scorching with fire. For each use, break it with five Liang, take one liter of wine, boil it for three or four times, and take it. (emergency prescription)
⑥ Treatment of cholera and vomiting: galangal (raw file) blindly, roughly mashed and screened. Take three money daggers, one water, one jujube (remove the core), fry until five minutes, remove the dross, cool with water, and take it at once. (master records of Shengji curling soup)
⑦ Treatment of cold malaria: ginger and white ginger are equally divided. The second flavor is calcined on the fire, and the retention is the end. For each three yuan, one male pig bile, one water, and mild bile. (continued parties)
⑧ Treat wind tooth pain, not only for a long time, but also for cheek swelling and pain: a piece of ginger (about two inches) and a whole leech (baked on the tile). The top is the end. Point medicine with your fingers. If it is used as medicine with your teeth, wipe it to make it hot, spit out less saliva in a moment, and gargle with salt soup. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang wanders away)
⑨ Beriberi vomiting (people with beriberi are prone to vomiting. In daily life, pay attention to eat more breakfast, eat less lunch, don’t eat dinner, or drink some black bean porridge. When you feel vomiting, take medicine immediately). Use one or two galangal, add three liters of water, cook it into one liter, and take it at a time. If you can’t find galangal in a hurry, you can replace it with mother ginger or two and fry it with water. The curative effect is poor, but it is also effective.
⑩ Heart and spleen cold pain (press: stomach pain). Use 42 liang of galangal, slice and divide into four parts: one or two, stir fry with brown rice and a half, and remove the rice; One or two, stir fry yellow with half of Chen wall soil, and remove the soil; Stir fry 34 crotons with one or two and remove the beans; Stir fry 34 cantharides in one or two and remove cantharides. Another one or two of Evodia rutaecarpa are soaked in wine for one night and then fried with Alpinia officinalis. They are studied together as the end. The wine soaked in Evodia rutaecarpa is mixed with medicine to make balls, as big as Wuzi. Take 15 pills, hollow clothes and ginger soup every time. This prescription is called “galangal pill”. Another formula: three coins of Alpinia officinalis and six coins of wulingzhi. Three cents per serving, vinegar soup.
(11) nourish the spleen, warm the stomach, remove cold and eliminate phlegm, broaden the chest and lower Qi. Divide Alpinia officinalis and dried ginger into balls, which are as big as Wuzi. Take 15 pills every time, take it after dinner, and send it down with orange peel soup. Pregnant women should avoid taking.
(12) cold malaria due to spleen deficiency (more cold and less heat, do not think of diet). One or two galangal (fried with sesame oil) and one or two dried ginger (gun) were used for research. For each five yuan, make a plaster with pig bile. Before the onset of the disease, mix it with hot wine. Another prescription: add bile and pills to the end of the medicine prepared above. Take 40 pills each time, and the wine will be delivered. Another side: galangal, dried ginger, half life and half gun, half two each, four or three money through the mountain, which is the end of the research. For each two yuan, the pig kidney boiled wine.
⒀ his eyes suddenly red and painful. Blow the end of galangal into the nose with a small tube. When sneezing, the red pain disappears.
Various discussions ① Yang tuying: “well, for those who go against the cold of the stomach, Alpinia officinalis is the important medicine, and ginseng and poria cocos are used to warm the stomach and dissolve the evil of gastric apoplexy.”
② Summary of materia medica: “Alpinia officinalis is also a medicine for dispelling cold and dampness and warming the spleen and stomach. If the old man has deficiency of spleen and kidney, diarrhea and self-interest, the woman has severe pain in heart and stomach, anger due to Qi and phlegm due to cold, this medicine is pungent, hot and pure Yang, except – cutting and sinking cold cave cold, and the work is the same as that of GUI and Fu. Do not use it lightly if the guest cold invades the stomach, the stomach is cold and vomiting, and the cold diet hurts the health, resulting in cholera vomiting and diarrhea. Ye Zhenghua said: the ancient prescription used more ginger to treat heartache and spleen pain. For those who are cold, use up to three coins with wood incense, cinnamon and Amomum villosum. For those who are hot, use five or six minutes with heihei gardenia, chuanhuanglian and white peony. Put them in the clear gunpowder to warm the Qi and relieve pain. If you treat the syndrome of deficiency and cold of spleen and stomach, you must go hand in hand with ginseng, Qi, half and art, especially good at single use and multiple use. If the pungent heat is dispersed, it will consume the Qi of Chong and harmony. ”
③ The new edition of materia medica: “ginger can stop the pain in the heart, but it must be used together with Atractylodes, otherwise the more it does not heal, so ginger can’t wet the ears. ”
④ According to the book of scriptures: “ginger, cold hernia, abdominal pain, must be used with fennel. Postpartum lower Jiao deficiency cold. Blood stasis is not good. It can be used for those with abdominal knot pain. ”
⑤ “Seeking truth from Materia Medica”: “ginger, together with ginger and supplementary rules, can enter the stomach to disperse cold; Tongxiang fuze can remove cold and depression. If you have diarrhea due to heat injury, you should avoid abdominal pain due to excess heat. Although this is the same as dried ginger, dried ginger can eliminate the internal cold by making it through cannon Sutra, which is extremely pungent and scattered, so it can also prevent the external cold. ”
⑥ Materia medica Justice: “good ginger is hot and warm, clean and ancient. It is said that it is hot and pure Yang, so it is special for the middle palace, which is really cold and severe; “Bielu” is only used to treat stomach cold air inversion. Those with cholera abdominal pain are cold with cholera. Suddenly, they suddenly fall violently. Suddenly, they have chest and abdominal colic, vomiting and diarrhea, that is, their limbs are cold, their face, lips and tongue are as white as paper, their pulse is invisible, their cold sweat is as oil, and their meat is sharp. When Liang you was in the heat of summer, he enjoyed the cool and drank the cold, and there was no real Yang, resulting in a sudden collapse of Qi. When he saw the drama of the disease, he died at one or two o’clock. This is not a large dose of warm heat, and he can’t recover the Yuan Yang. Ginger, aconite, Fructus evodiae, Alpinia officinalis and Piper longum all need medicine for this disease. However, Wang Mengying and Lu Jiuzhi, the two sages, talked about cholera mainly in terms of damp heat, and said that the limbs were cold and the pulse was subdued, that is, when the heat was deep and deep, the four inverse methods could not be used. This was different from the symptoms at that time and covered the changes of personnel at that time. This should be distinguished by the white soul of the tongue coating and the yellow and greasy, and the diarrhea and vomit, one is as clear as water, the other is foul gas and turbidity, which must be based on the fact that they do not know what to do when they are ill. “Those who reduce the instrument and stop dysentery should use the words of deficiency, cold and slippery profit, which must be known from the intestines of Nirvana, heat and stagnation. Zhen Quan said to treat abdominal cold pain for a long time, and Daming said to treat tendon transfer and diarrhea, that is, cholera with true cold. It is also called treating nausea. There is no fire in the stomach. When eating in and out, it vomits in the morning and evening, and the valley is clear. Su Song said that it contained a lump of pharyngeal fluid to treat sudden nausea, vomiting of water and stomach cold. Near the lake, it is said that it can strengthen the spleen and stomach, broaden choking diaphragm, break cold arthralgia and eliminate malaria. All of them are filled with haze. The choking diaphragm caused by the dryness of the stomach and the dryness of the body fluid, and the malaria caused by the dampness, heat, pollution and erosion must be introduced. ”
Excerpt from the dictionary of traditional Chinese Medicine
Chinese materia medica: Alpinia officinalis
拼音Gāo Liánɡ Jiānɡ
Pinyin G ā o Lián ɡ Ji ā n ɡ
英文名Lesser Galangal Rhizome
English Name: lesser galangal rhizome
It is also called Gaoliangjiang, Liangjiang, ManJiang, xiaoliangjiang and hailiangjiang
Tao Hongjing: Gao Liangjiang comes from gaoliangjun. People have abdominal pain, but chewing is also effective. Its shape and Qi are similar to those of Du Ruo, and its leaves are like mountain ginger.
2. Tang materia medica: Alpinia officinalis, born in the south of the five ridges, is big, weak and soft; born in the left of the river, it is thin and tight, and its taste is not very pungent. In fact, it is not the same. Today, the person who calls for thin is Du Ruo, and the person who calls for big is Alpinia officinalis.
3. Materia medica illustrated book: Alpinia officinalis is now found in Lingnan prefectures, Guizhou and Shu. Although it exists in Inner counties, it can not be used as medicine. The stems and leaves in spring are as big as ginger seedlings, about one or two feet tall, and the flowers are as red and purple as mountain ginger. The roots are picked in February and March and dried violently.
Source: it is the rhizome of galangal, a plant of lidae.
拉丁植物动物矿物名：Alpinia officinarum Hance
Latin plant, animal and mineral name: Alpinia officinarum Hance
Harvesting and storage: in late summer and early autumn, dig up the rhizomes for 4-6 years, remove the aboveground stems and fibrous roots, wash them, cut them into sections and dry them.
Alpinia officinalis in original form, perennial herb, 30-110cm high. The rhizome is cylindrical, transverse, brownish red, 1-1.5cm in diameter, with nodes, with annular membranous scales on the nodes, and rooting on the nodes. The stems are clustered and erect. The leaves are sessile or nearly sessile; the leaves are linear lanceolate, 15-30cm long and 1.5-2.5cm wide, with gradually sharp tip or tail tip at the tip, gradually narrow base, full margin, and no hair on both sides; the leaf sheath is open and holds the stem, With membranous margin; glossy membranous, 2-3cm long, non dehiscent. Racemes terminal, erect, 6-15CM long, inflorescence axis tomentose; calyx tubular, tube length 8-14mm, apex irregular, 3 shallow circular lobes; corolla tube funnel-shaped, about 1cm long, corolla lobes 3, oblong, lip ovate, white and red stripes, about 2cm long; lateral staminodes conical; developing stamens 1, about 1.6cm long, Born above the throat of corolla tube; ovary 3